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Roosevelt's physical health seriously declined during the war years, and he died in April 1945, 11 weeks into his fourth term.
The Axis Powers surrendered to the Allies in the months following Roosevelt's death, during the presidency of Roosevelt's successor, Harry S. both came from wealthy old New York families, the Roosevelt family and the Delano family, respectively.
Roosevelt was born in 1882 to a prominent Dutch-American New York family and attended Groton School.
He went on to graduate from Harvard College in 1903 and attended Columbia Law School before practicing law in New York City.
In 1905, he married Eleanor Roosevelt, and the couple went on to have six children.
He won election to the New York State Senate in 1910, and then served as Assistant Secretary of the Navy under President Woodrow Wilson during World War I. Cox's running mate on the Democratic Party's 1920 national ticket, but Cox was defeated by Warren G. In 1921, Roosevelt contracted a paralytic illness, which left his legs permanently paralyzed.
Roosevelt ran for re-election in 1940, and his victory made him the first and only president to serve for more than two terms.
With World War II looming after 1938 with the Japanese invasion of China and the aggression of Nazi Germany, Roosevelt gave strong diplomatic and financial support to China, the United Kingdom, and the Soviet Union while remaining officially neutral.
Major surviving programs and legislation implemented under Roosevelt include the Securities and Exchange Commission, the National Labor Relations Act, the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation, and Social Security.
The young couple moved into Springwood, his family's estate at Hyde Park, where Roosevelt's mother became a frequent house guest, much to Eleanor's chagrin.
The home was owned by Roosevelt's mother until her death in 1941 and was very much her home as well.
Roosevelt directed the United States government during most of the Great Depression, implementing his New Deal domestic agenda in response to the worst economic crisis in U. His third and fourth terms were dominated by World War II.
He is often rated by scholars as one of the three greatest U. Presidents, along with George Washington and Abraham Lincoln.The economy improved rapidly from 1933–1937 and Roosevelt won a landslide re-election in 1936, but the economy relapsed into a deep recession in 1937–1938.